高中英语插入语六大用法例题解析

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  在英语学习中,插入语是一个比较重要的知识点。由于插入语是一种独立成分,通常与句中其他成分没有语法上的关系,许多同学在学习过程中会有一定的困难。其实,插入语大都是对一句话进行附加说明或解释,通常由一个词、一个短语或一个句子构成,常置于句首、句中或句末,一般用逗号或破折号与句子隔开。下面举例归纳插入语的几种用法。

例1. _____the more expensive the camera, the better its quality.
   A.General speaking
   B.Speaking general
   C.Generally speaking
   D.Speaking generally
  解析:本题答案为C.generally speaking为分词短语,意思是“一般来说”,在句中用作插入语。
  小结:许多分词短语可以用作插入语,这样的分词短语有:strictly speaking(严格地说),generally considering(一般认为), judging from……(根据……判断)等。

例2. Two middle-aged passengers fell into the sea. ____,neither of them could swim.
  A.In fact        B.Luckily   C.Unfortunately       D.Naturally
  解析:本题答案为C.unfortunately为副词,意思是“令人遗憾地,不巧,可惜”,在句中用作插入语。
  小结:常用作插入语的副词或副词短语有:indeed(的确),surely(无疑),however(然而),frankly(坦率地说),obviously(显然),naturally(天然地),luckily (happily) for sb.(算某人幸运),fortunately(幸好),strangely(奇怪),briefly(简单地说)等。

例3. Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard, _____, you failed.
  A.in the end      B.after all  C.in other words       D.at the same time
  解析:本题答案为C.in other words为介词短语,意思是“换句话说”,在句中用作插入语。
  小结:常用作插入语的介词短语有:in conclusion(总之),in a word(简而言之),in short(简而言之),in general(一般说来),in a sense(在某种意义上),in my view(在我看来),in his opinion(按照他的看法),in fact(事实上),at first(首先), in addition(此外),of course(当然),to my surprise(使我惊奇的),to her regret(使她遗憾的),for example(例如)等。

例4. It is so nice to hear from her._____,we last met more than thirty years ago.
  A.What‘s more       B.That is to say   C.In other words       D.Believe it or not
  解析:本题答案为D.believe it or not为一分句,意思是“信不信由你”,在句中作插入语。
  小结:用简短的句子结构作插入语,它们常置于句中或句末。这类简短的句子有:I am sure(我可以肯定地说),I believe(我相信),do you know(你知道吗),you see(你明白),I’m afraid(恐怕),it is said(据说),I suppose(我想),what’s more(而且),what’s worse(更糟糕的是),that is(也就是说),what is important(重要的是)等。

例5. _____ with you,I have no money to spare.
  A.To be frank     B.What’s more   C.In addition       D.However
  解析:本题答案为A.to be frank为不定式短语,意思是“坦率地说”,在句中用作插入语。
  小结:常用作插入语的不定式短语有:to be sure(无疑地),to sum up(概括地说),to tell the truth(老实说)等。

例6. ___ , he should have done such a thing.
  A.Speaking general      B.Strange to say  C.Luckily       D.Of course
  解析:本题答案为B.strange to say为形容词短语,意思是“说也奇怪”,在句中用作插入语。
  小结:常用作插入语的形容词或其短语有:true(真的),funny(真可笑),needless to say(不用说),most important of all(最为重要),worse still(更糟糕的),even better(更好)等。