中考英语阅读理解训练(四)

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阅读理解

     It was because of his curiosity and his hard work that he would be able to make more than 3,000 inventions. As mentioned above, electric light is one of his most important inventions. His other inventions include microphone, phonograph, movie projector, storage battery, etc. Most of his inventions were the results of hundreds of experiments. Once he said how difficult it was to invent the storage battery. He succeeded only after 10,000 experiments that failed. Yet he said humorously, “I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.”

     Edison received many honors during his life for his contributions to the progress of mankind, US government gave him its highest award, a special Congressional Medal of Honors. Yet, in spite of all his fame, Edison remained a modest man. He preferred to continue his work, rather than rest on his achievements. His motto was: “I find what the world needs, then I go ahead and try to invent it.”

根据短文内容,选择可以完成句子的最佳答案 。

1. Edison 's inventions came from ________ .

A. his curiosity B. his hard work C. his experiments D. A, B and C

2. One of Edison 's most important inventions is ________ .

A. electric light B. phonograph

C. movie projector D. storage battery

3. Edison invented the storage battery after ________ experiments.

A. 100 B. 1000 C . 10,000 D. 100,000

4. Edison received ________ during his life for his contributions.

A. Nobel Prize B. a special Congressional Medal of Honors

C. the Progress of Mankind Medal D. the Red Cross Medal

【答案与解析】

1. D. 根据首句“爱迪生一生能有三千多项发明, 是好奇心和努力工作的结果”和句中的 Most of his inventions were the results of hundreds of experiments( 爱迪生的大部分发明是成百上千次实验的结果 ) 就能确定最佳答案为 D 。

2. A. 根据 electric light is one of his most important inventions.( 电灯是他最重要的发明之一 ) 就能确定最佳答案。

3. C. 根据 Once he said how difficult it was to invent the storage battery. He succeeded only after 10,000 experiments that failed( 他曾说发明输电池是多么艰难 , 在实验一万次都失败的基础上终于成功了 ) 就能锁定答案 (from www.zkenglish.com) 。

4. B. 根据 US government gave him its highest award, a special Congressional Medal of Honors( 美国政府给他国家最高奖——国会勋章 ) 就能排除诺贝尔奖,人类进步奖和红十字勋章这三个选项。