win/beat/defeat的区别

来源:网络 编辑:青青

1. win(won-won)的意思是“赢”、“获胜”、“得到成功”,在作为及物动词时,它的宾语往往是奖品、奖学金、名誉、财产、战争或运动等等。

例如:

①She had a nature that quickly won her the friendship of her classmates.
她具有一种天性,这使她很快地获得同学们的友谊。
②He soon won a reputation for himself.
他很快就为自己赢得了声誉。
③Mary won the first place in the competition.
玛丽在竞赛中获得第一名。
④He won three second places in the seven events.
他在七项比赛中得了三个第二名。
 
2. beat (beat-beaten)译成汉语也有“赢”、“取胜”、“战胜”之意。但跟win的用法不同,这个动词后面跟的是比赛、竞争中的对手或战争中的敌人。

例如:

①I beat John at chess yesterday.昨天我和约翰下棋并赢了他。
②We beat their team by 5∶4.我们以五比四战胜他们队。
③I'll beat you to the top of that hill.
我们比赛看谁先到山顶上,我将赢你。

3. defeat本来用于描述战争中打败敌人,现在可与beat换用,以表示击败对手。

例如:

①He was badly defeated / beaten in the election.
他在选举中惨败。
②Last term our school defeated / beat their school at football.
上学期在足球赛中我们学校赢了他们学校。