中考英语词汇辨析:hurt,injure,wound

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1. hurt的意思是“使受伤、使疼痛、使伤心、伤害”,它是普通用语,可以表示使肉体受伤或疼痛,也可以表示使感情受到伤害。如:

  ① He hurt his back when he fell. 他跌到时伤了背部。

  ② My shoe is too tight, it hurts (me). 我的鞋太紧,使我的脚感到痛。

  ③ That’ll hurt her feelings. 那会伤她的感情。

2. injure的意思是“伤害、损害”,指损害一个人的外表、健康、完好的东西(如自尊心、名誉、成就)等。如:

  ① He injured an arm in a car accident. 他在一次车祸中伤了一只手臂。

  ② You will injure your health by smoking too much. 你吸烟太多,有伤身体。

  ③ This injured his pride. 这伤了他的自尊心。

3. wound的意思是“受伤、伤害”,通常指因外来的暴力使身体受伤,尤指在战争中或遭袭击受伤。它也可以指精神上受创伤。如:

  ① Ten soldiers were killed and thirty wounded. 十名士兵阵亡,三十名受伤。

  ② The bullet wounded him in the shoulder. 枪弹打伤了他的肩膀。

  ③ He felt wounded in his honour. 他觉得他的名誉受到了伤害。