have/has been to,have/has gone to,have/has been in 的区别

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1. have(has)been to表示“曾经去过某地”,现在已经不在那里了。可与just, ever, never等连用,例如:

I have just been to the post office. 我刚才去邮局了。

Mary has never been to the Great Wall. 玛丽从未去过长城。

Have you ever been to Hangzhou? 你曾经去过杭州吗?

have(has) been to 后面可接次数,表示去过某地几次。例如:

I have been to Beijing three times. 我去过北京三次。

They have been to that village several times. 他们去过那个村庄好几次了。

2. have(has) gone to 意为“到某地去了”,表示到了某地或正在去某地的途中。总之,说话时该人不在现场,一般不用第一、第二人称代词作句子的主语。例如:

----Where is Tom? 汤姆在哪里?

----He has gone to the bookshop. 他到书店去了。

Jack Johnson has gone to London. 杰克.约翰逊到伦敦去了。

3. have(has) been in 表示“在某地呆多长时间”,常与表示一段时间的状语连用,如:since, for, how long 等。例如:

Mr. Brown has been in Shanghai for three days. 布朗先生来上海已经有三天了。

此外还有这些搭配:

have been here (there) /at home (school) /on the farm

have been here (there) / abroad