中考英语词汇辨析:die,dead,death

来源:互联网 编辑:初之

一、die 是不及物动词,一般指因生病,负伤等原因而死。且是非延续性动词(瞬间动词),不能和表示一段时间的状语(for+段时间短语;或since……)连用。如:

  ① He was born in 1847 and died in 1913. 他生于1847年,死于1913年。
  ② His grandfather has been dead for two years. = His grandfather died two years ago. 他爷爷去世两年了。
  ③ He died ten years ago.他是10年前死的。(不可说:He has died for ten years. 或应说:It is 10 years since he died)

二、dead 是形容词,表状态,可在句中作表语和定语。但不可作谓语。如:

  ① He is dead, but his name sill live for ever in our hearts.他虽然死了但他的名字将永远活在我们心中。
  ② It doesn’t look like a dead fox.看来不像一只死狐狸。

三、death是抽象名词,只能在句中作主语或宾语。如:

  ① The murderer was sentenced to death. 杀人犯被宣判死刑。
  ② I heard of his death when I got to his house. 我一到他家就得知他已经去世了。

四、die相关的词组

  1. die for 表“为某一目的、事业等而死”;“渴望、极想”。
  1).To die for the people is a glorious death.. 为人民而死,虽死犹荣。
  2).I’m dying for a cup of coffee. 我很想喝杯咖啡。
  2. die from. 表“死于(创伤、劳累、忧愁等)”。(除疾病或情感以外的原因)。如:
  1).He died from a wound. 他死于创伤。
  2).She died from overwork. 她过度操劳而死。
  3. die of 表“死于(疾病、情感、饥饿、年老等)”。
  1).The old man died of cancer.那老人患癌症死的。
  2).His father died of starvation in Germany. 他的父亲饿死在德国。
  3). The old woman died of grief soon after her husband’s deth. 那位老太太在失去丈夫后不久就因悲伤而死。
  4. die away “消失;停息”如:
  1).The sound of the car died away in the distance. 汽车的响声在远处消失了。
  2).The wind has died away. 风已经停息。
  5. die down 指灯火等慢慢地“熄灭”;指骚动等渐渐地“平息下来”如:
  1).They waited till the storm died down. 他们一直等到风暴停息。
  2).The fire died down. 火慢慢地熄灭了。
  3).The fighting has died down. 战斗渐渐停止。
  6. die off 指一个个相继“死掉”如:
  1).They had to watch their young children died off through lack of food. 他们不得不眼睁睁地看着孩子们因为没有东西吃而一个个地死掉。
  7. die out. “死光;绝种”如:
  1).These animals have already died out. 这类动物已经绝种。