few,a few,little,a little 的用法区别

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1. few,a few用来修饰可数名词,few表示否定意义,没有,几乎没有;a few表示有肯定意思,有几个。例如:
He has few friends here, he feels lonely.
他这里没朋友,他感觉寂寞。 
There are a few eggs in the basket.篮子里有几个鸡蛋。 

2. little,a little用来修饰不可数名词,little表示否定意思,没有,几乎没有。a little 表示肯定意思,有一点儿。例如:
There is little ink in my bottle, can you give me a little ink? 
我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?

【辩析】

1. few 与 little 作形容词用,都表示“几乎没有”,相当于一个否定词。具体区别:
(1) few 后面跟复数可数名词。
(2) little 后面跟不可数名词。
e.g.
He has few friends. 他没有几个朋友。
They has little money. 他们没有什麽钱

2. a few 与 a little 都表示肯定的意思,指“有一点,有一些”。具体区别:
(1) a few 后跟可数名词复数。
(2) a little 后跟不可数名词。
e.g.
I'm going to buy a few bananas.
I can speak only a little Chinese.

3. a little 与 little 也可以用作副词, 表示“有点”“稍稍” 表示“很少”
e.g.
----Can you speak English?
----Yes, but only a little.
This book is a little more difficult than that one.
(可修饰形容词比较级)
She slept little last night. 昨天晚上,她没有怎么睡觉。

【巩固练习】

1. We are twins, but we have___ differences. 
A. little B. a little C. few D. a few
Answer D
2. There is still_____ water in the bottle. 
A. little B. few C. a little D. a few
Answer C
3. ----- Can you speak Chinese?
-----Yes, but only ____. 
A. few B. a few C. a little D. little
Answer C
4. If you learn even ___ English, you find it useful. 
A. a few B. few C. little D. a little
Answer D
5. "Have you any more paper?" 
"Yes, we have ___ more."
A. little B. few C. a little D. a few
Answer C
6. -----Do you have any friends in Beijing? 
-----Yes, I have_____ here.
A. little B. a few C. few D. a little 
Answer B
7.Fred has ___ story books, has he?
A. a little B. few C. little D. a few
Answer B
8.Please come here ___ earlier next time. 
A. a little B. a few C. little D. few
Answer A