中考英语词汇辨析:Reward and Award

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  Reward

  a thing that you are given because you have done something good,worked hard,etc 回报,报答;奖赏,奖励 [名词]

  1. She deserves a reward for her efforts.

  她积极努力,应得到奖赏。

  2. He was given a reward for passing the examination.

  他因考试及格而得到奖品。

  3. Many students today don't understand that learning is its own reward.

  现在许多学生不明白:学习本身就是回报。

  to give something to somebody because they have done something good,worked hard,etc 报答,酬谢;奖励,奖赏 [动词]

  1. How can I reward you for your kindness?

  我怎样才能报答你的好意呢?

  2. I wish I could reward you someday.

  我希望有一天能够报答你。

  3. His parents bought a bike to reward him for passing the exams.

  他的父母买了一辆自行车给他,奖励他考试及格。

  Award

  a prize such as money,etc. for something that somebody has done 奖,奖品,奖金 [名词]

  1. After many years of hard work,he won the award in the end.

  经过许多年的努力,他最后终于获得了大奖。

  2. It is the hightest award a producer can receive.

  这是一个制片人所能获得的最高奖项。

  3. If your answer is correct,you'll have a chance winning an award.

  如果您答对了,就有机会赢取奖品。

  to make an official decision to give something to somebody as a payment,prize,etc 授予,奖励 [动词]

  1. The champion was awarded the gold medal.

  冠军被授予了金牌。

  2. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

  他荣获诺贝尔和平奖。

  3. The judges awarded him the first prize.

  评委授予他一等奖。

  【注意】

  award与reward是一组近义词,请注意它们词义的区别。

  用作名词时:

  (1)award表示“奖品”,“奖金”,尤指因作出杰出贡献而获奖。

  (2)reward表示“奖赏”,“酬谢”,“报答”,尤指因工作努力或做了好事而得到回报。

  用作动词时:

  (1)award表示“授予”,“颁发”,侧重于因某人作出贡献而奖励。

  (2)reward表示“报答”,“奖励”,侧重于因某人做了好事而报答或因工作努力而奖励