中考英语词汇辨析:Raise and Rise

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  Raise

  to lift or move something to a higher level 举起,抬起 [及物动词]

  1. Please raise your head and look at the blackboard.

  请抬起头看黑板。

  2. He raised his hand to wave.

  他举起手来挥动。

  3. Raise your hand if you have any questions.

  如有问题请举手。

  to increase the amount or level of something 增加,提高(数量、水平等) [及物动词]

  1. Hotels usually raise their prices in the high season.

  在旅游旺季,旅馆通常提高收费。

  2. Will the government honor its election pledge not to raise taxes?

  政府会履行它的竞选诺言,不增加税收吗?

  3. How can we raise standards in schools?

  我们怎样才能提高学校的水平?

  an increase in the money you are paid for the work you do 加薪 [名词][主要用于美国英语中]

  1. He found an opportunity to ask for a raise.

  他找到一个机会要求加薪。

  2. I'm going to ask my boss for a raise,but I’m sure he won't agree.

  我打算向老板要求加薪,不过我想他不会同意的。

  3. What did the boss say when you asked him for a raise?

  你向老板要求加薪,他怎么说?

  Rise

  an increase in an amount,a number or a level(数量或水平的)增加,提高 [名词]

  1. The government took no step to stay the rise in prices.

  政府未采取措施抑制物价上涨。

  2. The people made a protest about the rise in prices.

  人们对价格上涨提出抗议。

  3. A rise in oil prices depressed the car market.

  石油价格上涨使汽车市场不景气。

  an increase in the money you are paid for the work you do 加薪 [名词] [主要用于英国英语中]

  1. She wanted a pay rise.

  她想加薪。

  2. He asks for a rise.

  他要求加薪。

  3. I got a pay rise.

  我加薪了。

  【注意】

  1. rise和raise都可用作动词,它们的区别在于:rise为不及物动词,raise为及物动词。

  2. 请注意rise和raise过去式和过去分词的形式:rise - rose - risen ;raise - raised - raised

  3. 当rise(英)和raise(美)用作名词时可以表示“加薪”。