初三英语(上册)重点词语辨析

来源:网络 编辑:以年

1. Maybe/ may be
(1) maybe是副词,意思是“大概,也许”,常用作状语。
Maybe you put it in your bag.也许你把它放在包里了。
“Will he come tomorrow?”“Maybe not.”   “他明天来吗?”“也许不”。
(2) may be相当于是情态动词may与be动词搭配一起作谓语,意思是“也许是…,可能是…”。
It may be 9:00 when they arrive.他们可能于九点到达。
The man may be a lawyer. 那人也许是律师。

2. borrow/ lend/ keep/ use
(1) borrow表示的是从别人那里借来东西,即我们通常所说的“借进来”。
We often borrow books from our school library.我们经常从学校图书馆借书。
I borrowed this dictionary from my teacher. 我从老师那儿借来了这本字典。
borrow是一个瞬间完成的动作,因此不能与时间段连用。
You can borrow my recorder for three days. ( 错误 )
I have borrowed this book for only one week. ( 错误 )
(2) lend表示的是把自己的东西借给别人,即我们通常所说的“借出去”。
Thank you for lending me your bike.谢谢你把自行车借给我。
He often lends money to his brother.他经常借钱给他弟弟。
 lend与borrow一样,也是一个瞬间完成的 动作,不能与一段时间连用。
(3) keep的意思也是“借”,但一般是指借来后的保存或使用阶段,是一段持续的时间,因此可以与时
间段连用。
You can keep my recorder for three days.我的录音机你可以借用三天。
I have kept this book for only one week.这本书我才刚借了一星期。
(4) use也可以当“借用”讲,但它的本意是“用,使用”。
May I use your ruler? 我能借你的尺子用一下吗?
He had to use this public telephone.他不得不使用这部公用电话。

3. leave/ leave for
(1) leave意思是“离开,留下”。
   We left Shanghai two years ago.我们两年前离开了上海。
   He left his cell phone in the taxi last week.他上周把手机落在出租车里了。
(2) leave for意思是“前往”,表示要去的目的地。
We will leave for Tibet next month.我们将于下月去西藏。
The train is leaving for Moscow.这趟火车即将开往莫斯科。

4. since/ for
(1) since用于完成时态,既能用作介词,也能用作连词,后常接时间点,意思是“自从”。
He has been a worker since he came into this city.
自从他来到这个城市,他就是工人了。
I have never seen him since we last met in Shanghai .
自从我们上次在上海见过之后,我再也没见过他。
since作连词,还有“既然”的意思。
Since you are interested in it, just do it.   既然你对它感兴趣,那就做吧。
You can have fun now since you’ve finished your work.
既然你已经做完了功课,就开心玩会儿吧。
(2) for用于完成时,用作介词,后常接一段时间,意思是“经过…”。
I have learned English for five years.我已经学了五年英语了。
They have waited for you for 30 minutes.他们已经等了你三十分钟了。
for也可以用作连词,但意思是“因为”。
They missed the flight for they were late.他们由于完到了而误了航班。
He fell ill for many reasons.他由于多种原因病倒了。