初中英语词汇辨析200组(四)

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初中英语词汇辨析200组(151-200)

151. look, see, watch
look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV
152. lie, lay  
lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book
153. work as, act as
work as工作是…,act as充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher.
He acts as an interpreter.
154. move, remove
move动一动,但不一定移走,remove从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen
155. hurt, injure, wound
hurt感情上受伤,injure事故中受伤,wound战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war.
156. turn, get, grow
turn表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get强调变的结果,grow强调过程,逐渐的变化
turn yellow, get tired, grow big
157. close, shut, turn off
close和shut当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off用于指有开关的物体
Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV.
158. set out, set about, set off
指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接doing, set off 后接 for sp.
159. begin, start
begin侧重时间的开始,反义词为end,start侧重由静到动的转折,反义词为stop
Class begins at 7:30a.m.
160. happen, take place
happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生
Great changes have taken place in my hometown.