初中英语词汇辨析200组(三)

来源:互联网 编辑:静云

初中英语词汇辨析200组(101-150)

101. quite, rather
quite完全地,相当于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible
102. happy, glad
happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl
103. instead, instead of
instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中
He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV.  He watched TV instead of seeing a film.
104. too much, much too
too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy
105. be about to, be going to, be to do
be about to表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,
be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思)
106. raise, rise
raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in the east.
107. bring, take, carry, fetch
bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk
108. spend, take, pay, cost
spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间;
pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱
109. join, join in, take part in
join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;
take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago.
110. learn, study
learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究
study the problem