初中英语词汇辨析200组(一)

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21. cook, cooker
cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.
22. damage, damages
damage不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages
23. police, policeman
police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house.
24. problem, question
problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用
25. man, a man
man人类,a man一个男人 Man will conquer nature.
26. chick, chicken
二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.
27. telegram, telegraph
当电报解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph
28. trip, journey, travel, voyage
travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行a three-day trip
29. sport, game
sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.
30. price, prize
price价格,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.